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Marine Corps News From World War Two: Jap Shell Intrudes To Protect Marines

SOMEWHERE IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC

Staff Sgt. Alfred Scalcione says it’s peculiar how things are taken out of one’s hands In wartime.
“Three of us were huddled in a small dugout one night,” said Scalcione, “waiting for an enemy battlewagon to get tired of pumping shells in our direction. “A spotter plane dropped a flare right over our position to direct its ship’s fire.
The Japs couldn’t miss us unless we doused that flare as soon as it hit ground.
“It seemed to take an hour to come down. PFC. George Mason jr. volunteered to sandbag the giveaway light.
Just as he poised to dash out of our dugout, a 14–inch Jap shell plunked right on top of the flare 15 feet away.

From The May 1943 Issue Of The Marine Corps Chevron

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War Secrets Must Not Be Shared Even With Family

(This article appeared in a 1942 issue of the Marine Corps Chevron. The advice is as true today as it was then.)

The following is another in a series on lip-silence and national security taken from an address by the Chief of the Bureau of Naval Personnel.

There is danger of having faith in your fellow men. But what about the faith you have in your friends and relatives —- in your mother and father, and the girl you are going to marry? Of all Security lessons, this is the hardest to- learn — that Service information must be shared with no one, not even with those you love. Now that is not to say that you must no longer put your trust in these people in whom you may have confided all your life. But you must not share with them secrets that are not yours to impart—secrets that belong to the Navy and to tho Navy alone. It is no good arguing that you have absolute faith in the girl you are going to marry, and that if you cannot trust her, then you cannot trust anyone. That is not the point. She will not have had the advantage of Security instruction such as you have had. She may not properly understand what you are talking about. She may give away information without knowing she has done so. And remember that the first person an enemy agent contacts when he wants to know anything secret is the wife or girl friend of the man who knows that secret. You may feel that your wife or mother has the right to know when you are in danger a right to be told if you know that on a certain date you are sailing in convoy, or are going on a raid from which you may never return. And you may also feel that they have a right to know if this raid is cancelled so that their minds may be set at rest. But this must not happen. The more people who know a secret, the less chance there is of it being kept, keep this quite clear in your minds, because it is the first rule of Security. Once you realize this, you will see that it is not only careless talk that costs lives. Too many people are of the opinion that careless talk is loud-mouthed conversation in public bars to perfect strangers, and that its opposite, careful talk, is a confidential whisper to your wife or sweetheart. But it is talk of any sort that must be stopped, no matter what the precautions that are taken.

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Marine Corps News From World War Two: Maj. Foss Unit Arrives Overseas

SOUTH PACIFIC

Maj. Joe Foss of Sioux Falls, S. D., who downed 26 Japanese planes during the Guadalcanal campaign, and who has returned to the South Pacific as leader of a Marine fighter squadron, declared that his main concern is not records but just to “bring all these kids home safely.”

Foss’ new squadron, trained as a unit in the U. S. by the major himself, includes four other Henderson field veterans. The squadron also numbers a half-dozen filers under 21.
“We’re not out for records,” Foss said. “I just want to do our job well and bring all these kids home safely. If we get Zeros, It will be a result of team play.”

From the 18March1944 issue of the Marine Corps Chevron

Public Domain

Marine Corps News From World War Two: Biggest Combat Patrol Secures Huge Area Around Airport

WITH A MARINE PATROL SOMEWHERE IN NEW BRITAIN

ln a nine-day sweep of northwestern New Britain. Marine combat patrols have driven out all organized Jap fighting units and secured an area of 100 square miles around the Cape Gloucester airport. The three columns, driving into New Britain from the east, northwest and west, made a junction at the native villages of Niapaua and Agulupella, which are located on jungle knolls within 500 yards of each other, and which were occupied by the evacuating Jap forces until a few days ago. The combined Marine columns, the largest combat patrol to operate in the Southwest Pacific theater, will continue the push until the entire western end of New Britain is cleared of Japs.
The Jap evacuation, which was at first an orderly retreat, became a rout when our columns bore down on the chief center of resistance at Nakarop. The Japs abandoned the trails and took to the bush in an attempt to break through the encirclement. Several times the Japs set up ambushes along the trail, which runs through a long series of steep ridges and deep ravines, only to be dislodged by the pursuing Marines. Our casualties have been light despite the tortuous terrain which limits progress through mud and volcanic rock, jungle, and high grass to one mile an hour.
The junction of the three columns was carried out despite the tremendous obstacles that lay in the way of supply and communication.
Because the thick jungle makes this area a “dead space” for normal radio communications, contact j had to be maintained by runners and by laying telephone lines as closely behind the patrol as possible. Laying the wire over the noses of three mountains and dozens of ravines and gorges required no little technical skill and personal courage on the part of a telephone crew.
More than two miles of wire was laid from Jap spools found in the evacuated bivouac areas. On several days contact was made with a lone Piper Cub artillery observation plane, which flew over the column and from a few hundred yards overhead picked up the patrol’s radio signal. All food and ammunition had to be carried on our backs from the two landing beaches. On some days the water problem was acute. Wounded and two cases of acute appendicitis were carried out on stretchers as far as 10 miles. One of the columns is made up of men who only a week prior to setting off on this trek had spent 23 days on the lines. Aside from the Japs, our chief enemy is fungus infection, caused by wet feet. Our attached Navy medical units have difficulty keeping enough bandages for treating not only the Marines for the foot infections but administering to the natives as well.
We trudged and fought in the dense forest, and our marching was steadily upgrade. But as we neared Niapaua, we moved downhill through the thinner rain forest land. Many of the men took their first bath since the patrol began nine days ago.

MTSgt. Samuel E. Stavisky, combat correspondent.


From the 18March1944 issue of the Marine Corps Chevron

Public Domain

Marine Corps News From World War Two: Father, Son Hit Japs

SOMEWHERE IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC (Delayed)

Serving side by side at this jungle outpost, where they are now resting after the Empress Augusta Bay action at Bougainville, are a Memphis, Tenn., father and son—both U. S. Marines.
Inseparable, and more like buddies than father and son, are Sgt Wyatt H. Pickler, 44, and his boy, PFC. Edwin C. Pickler, 19. The senior Pickler is property sergeant in charge of company gear. His son is first scout with a rifle platoon. Though Sgt. Wyatt’s duties call for his remaining to the rear of the front lines during combat, he made frequent unofficial visits to the Bougainville front where Edwin served. On one occasion he went out on a reconnaissance patrol into Jap territory with his son. Overseas now a year, father and son joined the Marine Corps together on June 29, 1942, the day the younger Pickler obtained his high school graduation diploma. “Edwin wanted to quit school to join the Marines months before, but I told him that if he waited until his graduation, I would join up with him,” “Pop” Pickler grins. “When the kid came into the house with his diploma, I picked up my hat and coat and said, “Let’s go.”

Sgt. Peter Pavone, combat correspondent
.

From the 18March1944 issue of the Marine Corps Chevron

Public Domain

Marine Corps News From World War Two: Knife Nips Ninth Nip For Irishman

SAN DIEGO (U.P.)

A six-dollar San Diego knife put Irish Billy Beauhuld’s ninth Jap down for the long count, after his rifle was shot from his hand and a bullet ripped open his knee.
Irish Billy is a former lightweight boxer who battled some of the best in his day down St. Louis way. He was diving for a foxhole when the Nip won the drop on him and shot away a finger of his rifle hand. Beauhuld was credited with two snipers shortly after arriving on Guadalcanal, and six others In a skirmish shortly before the Marines were relieved by the Army.

From The May 1943 Issue Of The Marine Corps Chevron

Public Domain

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Marine Corps News From World War Two: Air Victories Told By Knox

WASHINGTON

With 600 Jap aircraft downed since last November to a loss of only 42 U.S. planes, American airmen continue to destroy enemy planes at a ratio of more than 13 to 1, Secy, of Navy Frank Knox announced in a press conference this week.
More than 1150 Jap transports and invasion barges have been sunk since the beginning of the war, Knox said. Attacks by the Japs on American positions at Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville, are a last desperate drive to push Yanks off the island, he said.


From the 25March1944 issue of the Marine Corps Chevron

Public Domain

Dunford Becomes 36th Commandant Of The Marine Corps

WASHINGTON — WASHINGTON, D.C. — Gen. James F. Amos, the 35th Commandant of the Marine Corps, relinquished command of the Marine Corps to Gen. Joseph F. Dunford, Jr., Oct. 17 at Marine Barracks Washington, D.C.

The ceremony started with musical performances from “The Commandant’s Own,” The United States Marine Drum & Bugle Corps and “The President’s Own,” United States Marine Band. The ceremonial companies of the Barracks marched onto the parade deck and fixed their bayonets.

Amos and Dunford were then called to their positions on the parade deck. The battle colors were passed from Amos to Dunford signifying the passing of command and responsibility.

“My focus in the coming years will be to take care of our Marines and their families, and to ensure our Corps remains an expeditionary force of readiness our nation has come to expect,” said Dunford.

Dunford received his commission as an infantry officer in 1977, a career leading to billets such as company and regimental commander, senior aide to the commandant and assistant commandant of the Marine Corps.

“I got to know Joe Dunford quite well the last 20 months,” Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel said. “I have come to rely on his wise judgment—The President of the United States trusts his judgment.”

Amos is retiring after 44 years of service across two branches. Starting as a naval aviator, he crossed the flight deck to fly for the Marines. He served as the II Marine Expeditionary Force commanding general, assistant commandant of the Marine Corps and served as the 35th Commandant of the Marine Corps for four years.

“(Amos’) lasting legacy will be the Marine Corps new traditions firmly rooted, leaving behind a Corps that is stronger than ever before,” said Hagel.

Some of the attendants of the event included the Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus, previous commandants and military leaders from all U.S. military branches and allied nations.

“This morning I’m not as proud to be the commandant as I am simply to wear the cloth of a Untied States Marine,” Dunford said. “I can say all of this, in large part, is due to the leadership of our 35th commandant.”

 Gen. James F. Amos, the 35th Commandant of the Marine Corps, passes the colors to Gen. Joseph F. Dunford, Jr., during the change of command and subsequent retirement ceremony Oct. 17, 2014 at Marine Barracks Washington, D.C. After more than 44 years of military service, Amos passed the duties as senior-ranking officer of the Marine Corps to Dunford, who has now become the 36th Commandant of the Marine Corps.

Gen. James F. Amos, the 35th Commandant of the Marine Corps, passes the colors to Gen. Joseph F. Dunford, Jr., during the change of command and subsequent retirement ceremony Oct. 17, 2014 at Marine Barracks Washington, D.C. After more than 44 years of military service, Amos passed the duties as senior-ranking officer of the Marine Corps to Dunford, who has now become the 36th Commandant of the Marine Corps.

By Cpl. Dylan Bowyer, Defense Media Activity

Marine Corps News From World War Two: Corsairs Write New Record In Zeros

The Fighting Corsair squadron, which returned to MCAD, Miramar, last week, leaving the skies over Rabaul filled with flaming Zeros, posted five new all-time records, according to a delayed Bougainville report.
The marks: Most planes downed by a single squadron—135 in 18 weeks’ action.
Most planes destroyed in one month—85.
Most planes destroyed in one tour (six weeks)—104.
Most aces in one squadron—10.
Highest-scoring pair in one squadron—lstLt. Robert M. Hanson with 25 planes and Capt. Donald N. Aldrich with 30. Only two other Marine squadrons have passed the 100 mark — Lt.Col. John L. Smith’s Rainbow squadron with 111 planes and Maj. R. J. Anderson’s Hellhawks with 104.
Maj. Gregory M. Boyington’s Black Sheep squadron, with 94 planes in two six-week tours, ranks fourth.

From the 25March1944 issue of the Marine Corps Chevron

Public Domain

OPSEC And You

Last week I published an article about how proud I was to be the father of a U.S. Marine. And out of the hundreds of comments the article generated, 95% of them were positive.
However, there were a few who asked “Aren’t you afraid of making a target of yourself?”

My answer to that question is a resounding HELL NO!!!!

First of all, why in the hell do you think I end almost every article by asking people to send me a FRIEND request?

IT’S BECAUSE IF YOU HAVE A LOVED ONE SERVING IN THE MILITARY, THEN WE SHOULD STICK TOGETHER!

There is force in numbers, and perhaps if more of us thought that way,these towel-headed jackasses may think twice.

And for those of you who said I shouldn’t make a target of myself, do me a favor.

Take your candy-ass off of my Friends list!

If you love this country and all that she stands for, send me a Friend request.

If, on the other hand, you are afraid to speak your mind, get the hell away from me.

The following article has some great info, things that make a lot of sense.


TWENTYNINE PALMS, Calif. – The emergence of the Internet and social media as the new information highways has made finding facts easier and faster than ever.

Google “operational security” and you’ll find pages of official and unofficial references, tips for bloggers and people’s opinions on what exactly counts as a violation.

What you won’t find is an official, in-black-and-white, Department of Defense list of absolute do’s and don’ts. It’s simply a guidance, and it implies using common sense.

So how do we identify OPSEC violations? If it all boils down to common sense, who can make that final decision? And who can decide what information is releasable to the public? With all the risks, why do we need to release any information to the public?

Why release any information at all to the public?

That’s a simple answer. The accepted public affairs philosophy is “maximum disclosure, minimum delay.”

“It is Department of Defense policy to make available timely and accurate information so that the public, the Congress and the news media may assess and understand the facts about national security and defense strategy,” as stated in the Principles of Information, which is an enclosure within DOD Directive 5122.5.

This directive outlines the responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs.

Those who share information about the military or military personnel and their families have to balance the public’s right to know with protecting mission accomplishment, personal safety and an individual’s right to privacy.

What is an OPSEC violation?

Operational security is compromised when the enemy knows more than we want it to. To keep this from happening, everyone is responsible for making sure critical information is not leaked.
Critical information is “information an adversary seeks in order to gain a military, political, diplomatic, economic or technological advantage,” according to DOD Manual 5205.02-M, which outlines the DOD Operational Security Program.

What is critical information?

There is no one answer. Critical information varies by organization and unit, depending on their roles within the DOD. It is up to the commanders who plan and execute a unit’s mission to determine what information is critical.

The best way to decide what may be critical is to think like the enemy. What are some of the questions an adversary might ask? What sort of information would impact the organization’s success or contribute to the likelihood of an enemy meeting their goal?
What kind of information should I never release?

Although what is critical changes mission-by-mission, here are a few examples of things that are always better left unsaid.

Operations: Exact flight information of movements in and out of country or planned attacks. Details on troop size and capabilities. Details on “best practices” and “lessons learned” for a specific type of mission. Why? Losing that element of surprise can lead to significant casualties.

Equipment: Details on new weapons systems still in developmental phases. Details on new force protection equipment being sent to help protect troops, like new armor.

Why? The enemy can change tactics or modify their own weaponry to render our new equipment useless.

Personal information: Social security numbers, home addresses, email addresses, birthdays, phone numbers, driver’s license numbers. Posting this about others violates the Privacy Act of 1974. Why? This type of information can be used to commit identity theft.

Never release documentation labeled “Classified,” “Controlled Unclassified Information,” “Sensitive But Unclassified,” “For Official Use Only,” “Law Enforcement Sensitive,” “Sensitive Homeland Security Information,” “Security Sensitive Information” or “Critical Infrastructure Information.” Other things not approved for public release are inter-office memos, troop rosters, e-mails, meeting notes, message traffic, white papers, public affairs guidance, pre-decisional materials, investigatory information and proprietary information.

Who has the final say on what is publicly releasable information?

Information released needs to be first cleared to determine it is “consistent with established national, Department of Defense and Department of Navy policies and programs,” according to Marine Corps Order 5230.18, the Clearance of DOD Information for Public Release.

Release authority for each base or unit belongs to the organization’s public affairs officer.

When in doubt about a certain piece of information, contact your base’s public affairs office, unit operations officer, security manager, intelligence officer or foreign disclosure officer for some expert advice.

Sgt. Heather Golden

(One of the better pieces of advice I’ve ever heard on this subject came from an instructor when Sue and I attended a L.I.N.K.S, seminar at MCB Quantico:

“IF IT’S NOT SOMETHING YOU WOULD SAY IN FRONT OF A CROWD THAT YOU KNEW HAD MEMBERS OF THE TALIBAN IN IT, KEEP IT TO YOURSELF!!!!”

Here is the picture that started it all:

Azilum 025

Marine Corps News From World War Two: Red Cross Branch Serves Three Forces

NAAS, CAMP KEARNEY.

In one of the initial moves to extend its service to the Navy, the Red Cross has opened a branch office at this base.
Under direction of Francis L. Castro, assistant field director, the office has fulfilled more than 100 emergency cases since service was instituted 5 May, and is rapidly extending its activities.

From The 5June1943 Issue Of The Marine Corps Chevron

Public Domain

Marine Corps News From World War Two: Combat Heroism On Carrier Earns Awards For Trio

Corporal Continues Firing After Being Jolted From Gun Seat By Concussion

Three Marines who served aboard tho ill-fated aircraft carrier Hornet have been awarded Silver Star Medals for their part in fighting tho Japs, despite their own wounds.
Awards were given to John S. Stoklosa, Corp. Elias J, Kokotovich, and PFC. John A. Mieskoski.
“Jolted from the seat of his antiaircraft gun by concussion of an exploding bomb, Corp. Stoklosa, although severely wounded, continued his fire throughout the attacks,” the citation read. A brother, Peter, was killed on Guadalcanal one week before the Hornet engagement.
The citation to Corp. Kokotovich disclosed how the young Marine “with cool courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety, stood gamely by his battle station on board the carrier and manned an anti-aircraft gun throughout the action,” !
Mieskoski, who has four brothers in the Marines, “stood gamely by his battle station,” as the Jap planes swooped close by In several waves.


From The 5June1943 Issue Of The Marine Corps Chevron

Public Domain

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